Hitler's seizure of power in January 1933, in the eyes of some historians, was the culmination of an unstoppable march. Yet the final months of the Weimar Republic saw the Nazis sliding into ever deeper trouble. In particular, the Sturmabteilung or 'SA' - activist heart of the Nazi movement was showing signs of breakage. The stormtroopers who filled its ranks increasingly angered with party leadership, swerved from the party agenda, and fell to dispute and violence at odds with Hitler's cultivated image as herald of a 'new order'. Stormtroopers and Crisis in the Nazi Movement casts fresh light on the crisis that beset Nazism during the final months of Germany's first republic. The book scrutinizes two sets of hitherto understudied records. SA morale reports in the U.S. National Archive show what Nazi leaders themselves knew about their radical paramilitary wing. Police reports on the stormtroopers, from the former DDR state archive in Potsdam, show what Republican authorities knew. This book will be of essential interest to advanced students and researchers of Modern European History, Modern German History and Nazism.
Thomas D. Grant is an international lawyer with interests in foreign policy, politics and history. He is a Fellow of Wolfson College and the Lauterpacht Research Centre for International Law at the University of Cambridge. He is the author of Recognition of States (1999) and a forthcoming book on Chechnya.