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Some Topics in Correlation Stress Testing and Multivariate Volatility Modeling



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Some Topics in Correlation Stress Testing and Multivariate Volatility Modeling by Fo-Chun Ng
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This dissertation, "Some Topics in Correlation Stress Testing and Multivariate Volatility Modeling" by Fo-chun, Ng, 伍科俊, was obtained from The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong) and is being sold pursuant to Creative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License. The content of this dissertation has not been altered in any way. We have altered the formatting in order to facilitate the ease of printing and reading of the dissertation. All rights not granted by the above license are retained by the author. Abstract: This thesis considers two important problems in finance, namely, correlation stress testing and multivariate volatility modeling. Correlation stress testing refers to the correlation matrix adjustment to evaluate potential impact of the changes in correlations under financial crises. Very often, some correlations are explicitly adjusted (core correlations), with the remainder left unspecified (peripheral correlations), although it would be more natural for both core correlations and peripheral correlations to vary. However, most existing methods ignored the potential change in peripheral correlations. Inspiring from this idea, two methods are proposed in which the stress impact on the core correlations is transmitted to the peripheral correlations through the dependence structure of the empirical correlations. The first method is based on a Bayesian framework in which a prior for a population correlation matrix is proposed that gives flexibility in specifying the dependence structure of correlations. In order to increase the rate of convergence, the algorithm of posterior simulation is extended so that two correlations can be updated in one Gibbs sampler step. To achieve this, an algorithm is developed to find the region of two correlations keeping the correlation matrix positive definite given that all other correlations are held fixed. The second method is a Black-Litterman approach applied to correlation matrices. A new correlation matrix is constructed by maximizing the posterior density. The proposed method can be viewed as a two-step procedure: first constructing a target matrix in a data-driven manner, and then regularizing the target matrix by minimizing a matrix norm that reasonably reflects the dependence structure of the empirical correlations. Multivariate volatility modeling is important in finance since variances and covariances of asset returns move together over time. Recently, much interest has been aroused by an approach involving the use of the realized covariance (RCOV) matrix constructed from high frequency returns as the ex-post realization of the covariance matrix of low frequency returns. For the analysis of dynamics of RCOV matrices, the generalized conditional autoregressive Wishart model is proposed. Both the noncentrality matrix and scale matrix of the Wishart distribution are driven by the lagged values of RCOV matrices, and represent two different sources of dynamics, respectively. The proposed model is a generalization of the existing models, and accounts for symmetry and positive definiteness of RCOV matrices without imposing any parametric restriction. Some important properties such as conditional moments, unconditional moments and stationarity are discussed. The forecasting performance of the proposed model is compared with the existing models. Outliers exist in the series of realized volatility which is often decomposed into continuous and jump components. The vector multiplicative error model is a natural choice to jointly model these two non-negative components of the realized volatility, which is also a popular multivariate time series model for other non-negative volatility measures. Diagnostic checking of such models is considered by deriving the asymptotic distribution of residual autocorrelations. A multivariate portmanteau test is then devised. Simulation experiments are carried out to investigate the performance
Release date NZ
January 27th, 2017
Created by
Country of Publication
United States
colour illustrations
Open Dissertation Press
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