This study concentrates upon the socio-political and nationalist views of three influential representatives of the early 20th century Kazak intelligentsia: Alikhan Bokeilhanov, Akhmet Baitursynov, and Mukhamedzhan Seralin. The resulting discourse on literature, education, and politics shaped the Kazak nationalist movement before 1920. This study draws on the published works of the Kazak intelligentsia, the periodicals "Ai qap" (1911 1915) and "Kazak" (1913-1918), and archival records from the Central State Archives of the Republic of Kazakstan.
STEVE SABOL received his undergraduate degree from Elon College where he first became interested in Russian/Soviet studies, and his PhD from Georgia State University in 1998. He is currently an Assistant Professor of Russian and Central Asian History at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte. He has lived and worked several years in Almaty, Kazakstan, both as Regional Director of the Kazak-American Studies Centre, and as a researcher in the Kazak State National Archives and libraries. He has travelled widely throughout the former Soviet Union and Mongolia. Recently, he co-edited a special issue of the journal Nationalities Papers devoted to Kazakstan.