This book argues that modern feminism grew out of the 19th-century Woman Movement which, like much late 19th-century thinking, became a battleground between individualist and collectivist ideas. When individualist ideals predominated in this movement - ideals of independence, social mobility, even sexual freedom - it gained wide adherence. But when the movement supported collectivist ideas of social reform, it became more marginal and sectarian. It was a focus on the individual woman's rights and happiness that reinvented feminist movements twice in our history, in the decades from 1910 to the New Deal and then again in the late 1960's. "Reclaiming the Mainstream" examines this history, gives an overview of the contemporary scene, and analyses the campaign to pass and ratify an equal rights amendment - and its failure. The book also discusses contemporary policy issues that affect women: affirmative action and comparable worth; rape, battering, sexual harassment, and incest; the many facets of sexual and reproductive choice; and the attempts to unify feminist and non-feminist women against pornography or in support of social feminist issues.