The Second Edition of this bestselling text once again explores the philosophical underpinnings, history, and key elements of each of five qualitative inquiry traditions: narrative research, phenomenology, grounded theory, ethnography, and case study. Written in an accessible style, this book relates research designs to each of the traditions of inquiry. The author compares theoretical frameworks, ways to employ standards of quality, and strategies for writing introductions to studies, collecting data, analyzing data, writing a narrative, and verifying results. New to the Second Edition: - Broader coverage of narrative research - Updated coverage of data analysis, which accounts for programs like Atlas.ti and NVivo, and discusses counting codes more fully - More specific steps for doing research within each tradition
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Introduction Purpose What Is New in This Edition Rationale for This Book Selection of the Five Approaches Positioning Myself Audience Organization Chapter 2: Philosophical, Paradigmatic, and Interpretive Frameworks Questions for Discussion Philosophical Assumptions Paradigms or Worldviews Interpretive Communities Summary Additional Readings Exercises Chapter 3: Designing a Qualitative Study Questions for Discussion The Characteristics of Qualitative Research When to Use Qualitative Research The Process of Designing a Qualitative Study The General Structure of a Plan or Proposal Summary Additional Readings Exercises Chapter 4: Five Qualitative Approaches to Inquiry Questions for Discussion Narrative Research Phenomenological Research Grounded Theory Research Ethnographic Research Case Study Research The Five Approaches Compared Summary Additional Readings Exercises Chapter 5: Five Different Qualitative Studies Questions for Discussion A Narrative-Biographical Study (Angrosino, 1994) A Phenomenological Study (Anderson & Spencer, 2002) A Grounded Theory Study (Morrow & Smith, 1995) An Ethnographic Study (Haenfler, 2004) A Case Study (Asmussen & Creswell, 1995) Differences Among the Approaches Summary Additional Readings Exercises Chapter 6: Introducing and Focusing the Study Questions for Discussion The Research Problem The Purpose Statement The Research Questions Summary Additional Readings Exercises Chapter 7: Data Collection Questions for Discussion The Data Collection Circle The Site or Individual Access and Rapport Purposeful Sampling Strategy Forms of Data Recording Procedures Field Issues Storing Data Five Approaches Compared Summary Additional Readings Exercises Chapter 8: Data Analysis and Representation Questions for Discussion Three Analysis Strategies The Data Analysis Spiral Analysis Within Approaches to Inquiry Summary Additional Readings Exercises Chapter 9: Writing a Qualitative Study Questions for Discussion Several Rhetorical Issues Narrative Research Structure Phenomenological Structure Grounded Theory Structure Ethnographic Structure Case Study Structure A Comparison of Narrative Structure Summary Additional Readings Exercises Chapter 10: Standards of Validation and Evaluation Questions for Discussion Validation and Reliability in Qualitative Research Evaluation Criteria Summary Additional Readings Exercises Chapter 11: "Turning the Story" and Conclusions Turning the Story A Case Study A Narrative Study A Phenomenology A Grounded Theory Study An Ethnography Conclusion Exercises Appendix A: Glossary of Terms Appendix B: A Narrative Research Study Appendix C: A Phenomenological Study Appendix D: An Ethnography Appendix E: A Case Study
I am a Professor of Educational Psychology at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln where I teach courses and write about research design, qualitative methodology, and mixed methods research. I have been at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln for 30 years and have authored or co-authored 19 books in original copy and in editions. Most of these books address research methods and methodologies. In addition, I founded the Office of Qualitative and Mixed Methods Research on the University of Nebraska-Lincoln campus that provided campus support for scholars incorporating qualitative and mixed methods research into projects for extramural funding. I have also held the Clifton Research Endowed Chair at Nebraska. I served as the founding and Co-Editor for the new Sage journal, the Journal of Mixed Methods Research, and I have been an Adjunct Professor of Family Medicine at the University of Michigan and have been a consultant to the Veterans Affairs Health Science Research Center in Ann Arbor, Michigan. I was selected to be a Senior Fulbright Scholar and visited South Africa in October, 2008, bringing mixed methods concepts to universities and studying documentaries about AIDS victims and families. In February 2012 I will visit Thailand as a Senior Fulbright Scholar on mixed methods. I play the piano, write short stories, and actively engage in sports.