Although the U.S. Constitution requires that the House of Representatives and the Senate pass legislation in identical form before it can be sent to the president for final approval, the process of resolving differences between the chambers has received surprisingly little scholarly attention. Hong Min Park, Steven S. Smith, and Ryan J. Vander Wielen document the dramatic changes in inter-cameral resolution that have occurred over recent decades, and examine the various considerations made by the chambers when determining the manner in which the House and Senate pursue conciliation. Politics Over Process demonstrates that partisan competition, increasing party polarization, and institutional reforms have encouraged the majority party to more creatively restructure post-passage processes, often avoiding the traditional standing committee and conference processes altogether.
Hong Min Park is Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Steven S. Smith is Kate M. Gregg Distinguished Professor of Social Science, Professor of Political Science, and Director of the Weidenbaum Center on the Economy, Government, and Public Policy at Washington University in St. Louis.
Ryan J. Vander Wielen is Associate Professor of Political Science and Associate Professor (by courtesy) of Economics at Temple University.