This much-needed resource comprehensively reviews the current status of research on nutrition in chronic diseases and developmental disorders of children and helps translate this research into clinical practice. It provides a wealth of information on the nutritional implications of diseases' states; how nutrition can affect brain development, learning and behaviour; and how to improve the health status of paediatric patients through nutritional measures. Assessment, prevention, and treatment are all covered. The chapters focus on biochemical and clinical abnormalities, techniques for evaluating nutrition including behaviour, nutritional management, and follow-up procedures. Well-organized and user-friendly, the book will continue to be of great value to paediatricians, nutritionists, gastroenterologists, neurologists, family practitioners, and dieticians as well as students and residents in those fields. The second edition has been thoroughly updated and includes new chapters on botanicals, genetics and nutritional aspects of birth defects, vegetarianism, obesity/eating disorders, autism, and attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder, among other topics.