Molecular and Cellular Glycobiology covers the recent progress in understanding the biological roles of carbohydrates and includes basic knowledge of carbohydrates in mammals. Emphasis is on structure, biosynthesis and function of carbohydrates in development and disease. In particular, biological significance in immune cells, neural cells and cytoplasmic and nuclear proteins are thoroughly described. In addition, Molecular and Cellular Glycobiology updates the knowledge of diseases caused by anomalies of carbohydrate biosynthesis and the animal models used to investigate the physiological roles of carbohydrates including carbohydrates attached to lipids. Various attempts to develop therapeutic agents based on carbohydrates are also described. Molecular and Cellular Glycobiology covers recent developments in a comprehensive yet focused manner and will be of interest to anyone with a basic knowledge of carbohydrates.