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Lightweight Task Mobility Support for Elastic Cloud Computing



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Lightweight Task Mobility Support for Elastic Cloud Computing by Ka-Kui Ma
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This dissertation, "Lightweight Task Mobility Support for Elastic Cloud Computing" by Ka-kui, Ma, 馬家駒, was obtained from The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong) and is being sold pursuant to Creative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License. The content of this dissertation has not been altered in any way. We have altered the formatting in order to facilitate the ease of printing and reading of the dissertation. All rights not granted by the above license are retained by the author. Abstract: Cloud computing becomes popular nowadays. It allows applications to use the enormous resources in the clouds. With the combination of mobile computing, mobile cloud computing is evolved. With the use of clouds, mobile applications can offload tasks to clouds in client-server model. For cloud computing, migration is an important function for supporting elasticity. Lightweight and portable task migration support allows better resource utilization and data access locality, which are essentials for the success of cloud computing. Various migration techniques are available, such as process migration, thread migration, and virtual machine live migration. However, for these existing migration techniques, migrations are too coarse-grained and costly, and this offsets the benefits from migration. Besides, the migration path is monotonic, and mobile and clouds resources cannot be utilized. In this study, we propose a new computation migration technique called stack-on-demand (SOD). This technique is based on the stack structure of tasks. Computation migration is carried out by exporting parts of the execution state to achieve lightweight and flexible migration. Compared to traditional task migration techniques, SOD allows lightweight computation migration. It allows dynamic execution flows in a multi-domain workflow style. With its lightweight feature, tasks of a large process can be migrated from clouds to small-capacity devices, such as iPhone, in order to use the unique resources, such as photos, found in the devices. In order to support its lightweight feature, various techniques have been introduced. To allow efficient access to remote objects in task migration, we propose an object faulting technique for efficient detection of remote objects. This technique avoids the checking of object status. To allow portable, lightweight application-level migration, asynchronous migration technique and twin method hierarchy instrumentation technique are proposed. This allows lightweight task migration from mobile device to cloud nodes, and vice versa. We implement the SOD concept as a middleware in a mobile cloud environment to allow transparent execution migration of Java programs. It has shown that SOD migration cost is pretty low, comparing to several existing migration mechanisms. We also conduct experiments with mobile devices to demonstrate the elasticity of SOD, in which server-side heavyweight processes can run adaptively on mobile devices to use the unique resources in the devices. On the other hand, mobile devices can seamlessly offload tasks to the cloud nodes to use the cloud resources. In addition, the system has incorporated a restorable communication layer, and this allows parallel programs to communicate properly with SOD migration. DOI: 10.5353/th_b4786951 Subjects: Cloud computingMobile computing
Release date NZ
January 26th, 2017
Created by
colour illustrations
Country of Publication
United States
Open Dissertation Press
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