After a brief discussion about the meaning of 'modern' history, Michael Howard presents a fascinating analysis of the history of the 20th Century- laying much emphasis on the USA, where the author has spent much time as a Professor at Yale. It was Michael Howard who brought the study of military history into the mainstream of historical research and his readers will expect this as an emphasis in his analysis. They will expect less about suffragettes, human rights and the role of women. Howard's concern is substantially with the role of the military in the developing story of the twentieth century. At the beginning of the twentieth century, nostalgia for a lost past seems to have permeated the whole of European culture. This was the time of bucolic idylls of English musicians and poets of the Edwardian age with revivals of folk music and yearning for blue remembered hills. But thirteen million men died in the First World War and an entire world died with them. By then only rational, bureaucratic, effectively modernized states could fight such wars, with weapons designed to inflict maximum destruction . The tone for a new century was set.
For if the old order died with the First World War, something else far more powerful and sinister was born, the 'rough beast' of Yeats' apocalyptic poem, that was to dominates Europe for the rest of the century. In spite of the peace of 1945, it remains alive and flourishing in many parts of the world. Such in part is the thesis of this powerfully argued book but its sub themes are skilfully interwoven and propounded.
Table of Contents
Introduction; 1. The Enlightenment and its Enemies; 2. The Twentieth Century: Liberation or Catastrophe; 3 The Shifting Balance; Part 2 The German Wars; 4. The First World War reconsidered; 5. War and Peace in 1914; 6. War and the Making of Nations; 7. A Thirty Years War?; 8. A Missed Opportunity? Britain and the German Resistance; Part 3 The Cold War; 9. The Cold War; 10. Fifty Years of European Peace; 11. Cold War; Chill Peace; 12. NATO: An Unhappy but Successful Marriage; Part 4 Europe after the Cold War; 13. What is Europe?; 14. The European States-System; 15. Britain, France and the Making of Europe; Part 5 The War Against Terror; 16. War Against Terrorism; 17. September 11th and After; 18. Keeping Order in a Global Society.
Professor Sir Michael Howard was Robert A. Lovett Professor of Military and Naval History, and than at Oxford was the Regius Chair of Modern History. Among his most celebrated books are The Franco-Prussian War, War in European History, and The Invention of Peace.