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In Vitro and in Vivo Study of Plasma Immersion Ion Implantation (Piii) Treated Polyetheretherketone (Peek)



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In Vitro and in Vivo Study of Plasma Immersion Ion Implantation (Piii) Treated Polyetheretherketone (Peek) by Yu-Wah Chong
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This dissertation, "In Vitro and in Vivo Study of Plasma Immersion Ion Implantation (PIII) Treated Polyetheretherketone (PEEK)" by Yu-wah, Chong, 莊瑜華, was obtained from The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong) and is being sold pursuant to Creative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License. The content of this dissertation has not been altered in any way. We have altered the formatting in order to facilitate the ease of printing and reading of the dissertation. All rights not granted by the above license are retained by the author. Abstract: Polyetheretherketone (PEEK), a polymer with mechanical strength comparable to human bone, is gaining popularity in the orthopedic field because it can potentially relieve the clinical complications, such as stress shielding effect and inevitable implantation failure, which are caused by the mismatch of the mechanical strength between the current metallic implants and the implantation sites. However, it is bio-inert and requires supplementary modification. Plasma immersion ion implantation (PIII) has been well documented that it is a good way to improve the bioactivity of a biomaterial. It is a method that introduces new elements to the biomaterial, generating bio-functional groups on the material surface without altering its mechanical properties. Hence, the aim of this study is to improve the bioactivity of PEEK by modifying its surface chemistry with the use of water (H2O) and ammonia (NH3) plasma immersion ion implantation (PIII) without altering its mechanical properties. After PIII treatment, a series of surface characterization tests that provide information about the surface properties, such as surface energy, roughness, surface chemical composition and crystallinity of PIII-treated PEEK were carried out. Results show that both H2O PIII and NH3 PIII-treated PEEK had significantly higher surface energy and roughness than untreated PEEK. There was also no significant change in the crystallinity of the PIII-treated PEEK, indicating that PIII treatment will not alter the mechanical properties of PEEK. Improvement in wetting properties of PEEK samples suggest the formation of polar functional groups on the PIII-treated PEEK materials, while the increased in surface roughness may be due to the energetic bombardments of plasma ions on the material surface. The in vitro bioactivity of plasma-treated PEEK was investigated and confirmed with hMSC-TERT. Initial cell attachment, cell spreading area, cell proliferation and differentiation were studied. Cell adhesion and cell spreading were enhanced on PIII-treated PEEK, and higher cell viability was observed on PIII-treated PEEK. Moreover, cell proliferation was promoted on early time point and cell differentiation was also enhanced particularly on day 7 by measuring the alkaline phosphatase activity. Therefore, H2O-PIII and NH3-PIII treatments were able to promote the bioactivity of PEEK samples. DOI: 10.5353/th_b4985883 Subjects: Crystalline polymersIon implantationPlasma (Ionized gases)Biomedical materialsOrthopedic implants
Release date NZ
January 26th, 2017
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Country of Publication
United States
colour illustrations
Open Dissertation Press
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