Non-Fiction Books:

Central Control and Local Discretion in China

Leadership and Implementation during Post-Mao Decollectivization

Format

Hardback

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Central Control and Local Discretion in China by Jae Ho Chung
$678.99
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Description

This book analyses the decollectivization reform in China during the early 1980s in order to gauge the impact of post-Mao decentralization on central control and provincial discretion. The volume challenges the notion that the decision to decentralize administrative authority ipso facto produces local discretion properly keyed to local conditions. In fact, outcomes often differ from the intended goals. While, generally, local interests and central-local clientilistic networks determine the policy responses of the provinces, bureaucratic careerism also plays a crucial role. In the case of post-Mao decollectivization, national-level analyses suggest that a majority of provinces adopted household farming neither too quickly nor too slowly, since both 'pioneering' and 'resisting' entailed potentially enormous political risks. Once Beijing's preference appeared firmly fixed, however, they all quickly bandwagoned by popularizing the policy as swiftly as possible. Three detailed case studies of Anhui as a pioneer, Shandong as a bandwagoner, and Heilongjiang as a resister further highlight the evolutionary process in which provincial variations came to be replaced by uniform compliance imposed by Beijing. Theoretically, this study contends that the overall scope of local discretion is circumscribed by the dominant norms and incentive relations embedded in the implementation dynamics. Methodologically, the book employs a combination of aggregate analyses and comparative case studies. Empirically, on the basis of newly available materials (including classified documents) and interviews, it challenges the 'peasant-power' school which has somehow allowed local governments to evaporate in its descriptions of post-Mao decollectivization.

Author Biography

Professor Chung is Associate Professor in the Department of International Relations, Seoul National University.
Release date NZ
August 24th, 2000
Author
Country of Publication
United Kingdom
Illustrations
24 tables, 2 maps
Imprint
Oxford University Press
Pages
224
Dimensions
162x242x17
ISBN-13
9780198297772
Product ID
2245863

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