Dan Showalter, a Pennsylvanian transplant to the Yosemite Valley, was Speaker Pro Tem of the California State Assembly at the outbreak of the Civil War and the exemplar of treason in the Far West among the pro-Union press. He gained notoriety as the survivor of California's last political duel, for his role in the display of a Confederate flag in Sacramento, and for his imprisonment after an armed confrontation with Union troops.
Escaping to Texas, he distinguished himself in the Confederate service in naval battles and in pursuit of Comanche raiders. As commander the 4th Arizona Cavalry, he helped recapture the Rio Grande Valley from the Union and defended Brownsville against a combined Union and Mexican force. Refusing to surrender at war's end, he fled to Mexico where he died of a wound sustained in a drunken bar fight at age 35.
Gene C. Armistead, a Marine officer veteran of the Vietnam War, is retired from management in the electronic components industry. Author of several published articles and essays about Black Confederate soldiers, White Southern unionists, and Californians in the Civil War he lives in Escondido, California.
Robert D. Arconti is a retired legal editor. In 2010-11, he researched and was co-curator of an exhibit on Showalter for the Drum Barracks Civil War Museum in Wilmington, California. He lives in Stafford, Virginia.