This text presents a concise and thorough introduction to the main concepts and practical applications of thermodynamics and kinetics in materials science. It is designed with two types of uses in mind: firstly for one or two semester university course for mid- to - upper level undergraduate or first year graduate students in a materials-science-oriented discipline and secondly for individuals who want to study the materials on their own. The following major topics are discussed: basic laws of classical and irreversible thermodynamics, phase equilibria, theory of solutions, chemical reaction thermodynamics and kinetics, surface phenomena, stressed systems, diffusion and statistical thermodynamics. A large number of example problems with detailed solutions are included as well as accompanying computer-based self-tests, consisting of over 400 questions and 2000 answers with hints for students. Computer-based laboratories are provided, in which a laboratory problem is posed and the experiment described. The student can "perform" the experiments and change the laboratory conditions to obtain the data required for meeting the laboratory objective. Each "laboratory" is augmented with background material to aid analysis of the experimental results.
Table of Contents
1. Basic laws of thermodynamics; 2. Phase equilibria I; 3. Thermodynamic theory of solutions; 4. Phase equilibria II; 5. Thermodyanmics of chemical reactions; 6. Interfacial phenomena; 7. Thermodynamics of stressed systems; 8. Kinetics of homogeneous chemical reactions; 9. Thermodynamics of irreversible processes; 10. Diffusion; 11. Kinetics of heterogeneous processes; 12. Introduction to statistical thermodynamics of gases; 13. Introduction to statistical thermodynamics of condensed matter; Example problem solutions; Appendices
Boris S. Bokstein is a professor in the Department of Physical Chemistry, Moscow State Institute of Steel and Alloys, Russia. Mikhail I. Mendelev is an associate scientist at Ames Laboratory, Iowa. David J. Srolovitz is a professor in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton Institute for the Science and Technology of Materials.