This is the first comprehensive treatment of the Roman military presence in the Near East. Using both well-known and neglected sources, Professor Isaac reassesses the means by which Rome achieved and maintained her contorl over the region. He discusses the extent to which current vacillating views on imperialism can affect opinions concerning the character and mechanisms by which Rome ensured the integrity and expansion of her influence. Also considered here are problems of methodology, especially the use of archaelogical remains for historical interpretation. Now available in paperback, this revised edition contains extensive author's ammendments in the light of the most recent research, so that the book is now representative of the most up-to-date work on the subject. There is an additional bibliography, containing material only recently made available, and a new preface introducing the volume.