This book presents a thorough and self-contained introduction to modern optics, covering in full the three components ray optics, wave optics, and quantum optics. The text covers all that would be needed over a comprehensive course in optics at the advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate level. Digital cameras, LCD screens, aircraft laser gyroscopes, and the optical fibre-based internet illustrate the penetration of optics in twenty-first century life: these and many more modern applications are presented from first principles. The self-contained material allows the selection of specific themes grouped in the following way: Paraxial ray optics with matrix methods and aberrations. Interference, coherence and interferometers. Diffraction, spectrometers and Gaussian beams. Fourier optics, holography and information processing. Maxwell's theory; scattering, absorption and dispersion in bulk materials; interface behaviour. Quantum phenomena, wave-particle duality, uncertainty principle; Schroedinger analysis of spectra, photon properties. Laser principles, He:Ne to MQW lasers, applications.
Detectors: photodiodes, photomultipliers, image intensifiers; response, noise and linearlty; CCDs. Fibre optics, from monomode fibre analysis to dense wavelength division multiplexing; fibre sensors. Photon-atom interactions, optical pumping, cooling and clocks. Second quantization, photon correlations, SPDC, entanglement, tests of quantum mechanics.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction ; 2. Reflection and Refraction at Plane Surfaces ; 3. Spherical Mirrors and Lenses ; 4. Optical Instruments ; 5. Interference Effects and Interferometers ; 6. Diffraction ; 7. Fourier Optics ; 8. Astronomical Telescopes ; 9. Classical Electromagnetic Theory ; 10. Polarization ; 11. Scattering, Absorption, and Dispersion ; 12. The Quantum Nature of Light and Matter ; 13. Quantum Mechanics and the Atom ; 14. Lasers ; 15. Detectors ; 16. Optical Fibres ; 17. Quantum Interactions ; 18. The Quantized Electromagnetic Field ; Appendices
Dr Ian Kenyon Senior Honorary Research Fellow School of Physics and AstroPhysics University of Birmingham