Confronted with increasing global competition and rising R&D costs and risks, companies are reverting to new modes of innovation. To match the global demand and supply of innovation, businesses increasingly internationalise their innovation activities while opening their innovation process by collaborating with external partners (e.g., suppliers, customers, universities). What drives these global innovation networks across different industries? How are they related to companies' overall strategies? Are they accessible for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs)? Finally, what are the consequences?