Since the advent of the space age, a primary constraint on military, commercial, and civil space missions has been the cost of launch. Launching objects into space requires substantial investments in launch systems and infrastructure, which has restricted the market to only a handful of national governments and several large private companies. This study explores the possibility of a space industry significantly less constrained by the cost of access to space.
Todd Harrison is director of the Aerospace Security Project at CSIS. Andrew Hunter is director of the Defense-Industrial Initiatives Group at CSIS. Kaitlyn Johnson is a research associate with the Defense-Industrial Initiatives Group at CSIS. Thomas Roberts is a research assistant with the Aerospace Security Project at CSIS.