These essays aim to chart significant contributions to recent historiography. Selected for their accessibility, with headnotes and study questions, the essays offer an introduction for the non-specialist. The introduction describes the emergence of gender as a subject of historical investigation and in ten essays, historians explore the meanings and significance of gender in American history since 1890. This volume shows how the interpretation of gender expands and revises our understanding of significant issues in 20th-century history, such as work, labour protest, sexuality, consumption and social welfare. It offers new perspectives on visual representations, and explores the politics of historical subjects and the politics of our own historical revisions.