The Mariani Foundation meeting held in Milan, December 1995, discussed the topic of falls in epileptic and non-epileptic seizures during childhood. Specialists among the most qualified were invited to assist in understanding of the basic principles of cerebral development and brain function, with specific attention to those structures and mechanisms involved in the phenomenon of falls. Epileptologists illustrate the different semiologic modalities clinical conditions in which the fall is an essential symptom. A main part of the meeting was dedicated to the medical and surgical treatment of syndromes where falls appear in the foreground. The meeting gathered child neurologists and psychologists, epileptologists and paediatricians in order to stimulate an occasion for drop seizures by limiting the risks to which they are subjected, and to try and compensate the psychological and social limitations affecting them.