Essays on Civilizations. The essays are: Editor's Note, Joseph Drew; The Aristocratic Military Ethos of Indo-Europeans and the Primordial Origins of Western Civilization, Ricardo Duchesne; After and Before Nine-Eleven: A Civilizational Clash, ISCSC 2008 Conference Keynote Address, Toby E. Huff; Towards a Composite Definition and Classification of Civilization, Andrew Targowski; Two Wars, Rome and America, Kristofer Allerfeldt; Plants and Human Civilization: Indian Spices, Sushila Narsimhan; The Great River of Mainstream Civilizations Led with Major Linguae Francae, Kazutake Miyahara; In Memoriam: Professor Bronislaw Geremek, Dr. Andrew Targowski. The Book Reviews are: Carl Schmitt, The Nomos of the Earth in the International Law of the Jus Publicum Europaeum. Translation & Introduction by G. L. Ulmen, Telos Press Publishing, 2006; David Andress, The Terror: The Merciless War for Freedom in Revolutionary France. New York, Farrar, Strauss and Giroux, 2005; Kritzler, Edward, Jewish Pirates of the Caribbean, How a generation of swashbuckling Jews carved out an empire in the New World in their quest for treasure, religious freedom,-and Revenge. New York: Doubleday, 2008; Friedman, George, The Next 100 Years-a Forecast for the 21st century, Doubleday, 2009.