In the early 1990s, the former Soviet republics became independent states. The years following independence were a time of significant political reform, of re-arrangement of political elites, and the adoption of new legal texts, norms and values corresponding to the new socio-economic-political situation. Post-Soviet countries also began the process of active integration into the system of international relations, of establishing sovereign diplomatic relations, and adhering to international political and economic unions, conventions and treaties. In this publication, authors highlight the main problems and challenges to freedom of religion, expression, association and to the religious dimension of education in the five post-Soviet Central Asian states: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. Evgeny Grechko has graduated from Kyrgyz National Conservatory and Kyrgyz Russian-Slavonic University's postgraduate program and is currently pursuing PhD at Kyrgyz National University in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. Evgeny has comprehensive background in designing and managing of civic education, public awareness, freedom of religion, human rights, public policy and media projects in Kyrgyzstan. Vitaliy V. Proshak has graduated from Zaporizhzhia Bible Seminary, Tyndale Theological Seminary and Tilburg University and is a founding director of Amsterdam Communication and Dialogue Centre in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. In 2017, Vitaliy is also a visiting researcher at University of Cologne with travel grant from Stichting De Honderd Gulden Reis.