Biopolymers represent the most abundant organic compounds in the biosphere, and they constitute the by far largest fraction of cells and organisms. Seven classes of biopolymers can be distinguished according to their chemical structures. This multivolume handbook provides a thorough overview of the occurrence and metabolism of biopolymers. In addition, it examines the processes of how they are biotechnologically produced or isolated from organisms and modified. Readers will also learn about their material properties and their technical applications in various areas such as medicine, food industry, textiles, and the chemical industry.