In "What If?: Contemplations of an Undergrad," author Christy Clarke has compiled several of her most passionate beliefs and contemplations. Beginning with a bit of insight into the author's personality and reasons for writing this book, Clarke then delves into the debate between science and religion, and offers an explanation of her own personal ontology. However, the primary focus of this book is on animal rights, consciousness, and experimentation. Arguments are made to provoke contemplation of what different areas of research have suggested about these controversial issues in hopes of arousing greater popular interest in them. Among the controversial topics it explores are: connecting animal cruelty to human slavery, a consideration and response to the debate between science and religion, and an investigation of what alternative health therapies contribute to the debate over nonhuman animal consciousness. Significant research and thought has gone into each of the pages in this book, and its enthusiastic arguments are sure to provoke reader contemplation, whether one agrees or disagrees with the author's additional arguments and decision to acknowledge and embrace personal biases rather than try to work outside of them.