This best-selling text offers a comprehensive look at child maltreatment, incorporating history, case vignettes, and the author's own experience as a child protection worker. The author covers the history of child welfare, gives an overview of functional and dysfunctional families, and contrasts healthy child development with development hampered by abuse and neglect. In addition, Child Abuse and Neglect explains case management procedures and focuses on how various professionals become involved in the child protection process and how treatment is undertaken. The text concludes with a discussion of prevention and a consideration of the future.
Table of Contents
Preface Assessing Websites Chapter 1 The Maltreatment of Children from a Historical Perspective Children as Property Issues of Life and Death Issues of Dependence Issues of Discipline Child Labor Sexual Values, Attitudes, and Exploitation Early History The Nineteenth Century The Twentieth Century The Incest Taboo History Reasons for Taboo Legal and Social Prohibition Recent History of Helping the Abused and Neglected Child Further Efforts on Behalf of Children Professional Awareness and Response to the Movement to Protect Children and Families Child Protection Today Current Framework The Role of Child Protective Services Child Rearing, Maltreatment, and Public Opinion Summary Review Questions Suggested Readings Endnotes Web Exploration References Chapter 2 The Family: Roles, Responsibilities, and Rights The Definition and Function of the Family The Family as a System Subsystems and Boundaries Roles Communication Bonding and Attachment Rituals Minority Family Systems African American Families Hispanic American Families Asian and Pacific Island Families Native American Families Family Problems and Dysfunction The Family and Child Maltreatment Parents' Rights Children's Rights Impact on the Child Protection Movement Summary Review Questions Suggested Readings Web Exploration References Chapter 3 Maltreatment and the Developing Child Developmental Stages Pregnancy and Birth Birth to One Year One to Four Years Four to Eight Years Eight to Twelve Years Adolescence Development, Maltreatment and Resiliency Summary Review Questions Suggested Readings Web Exploration References Chapter 4 The Neglect of Children The Neglect of the Concept of Neglect Definition and Measurement of Neglect Causes of Neglect Economic Causes Ecological Causes Societal Causes Individual Causes Problems in Intervention Neglected Children Symptoms and Effects of Neglect Neglectful Parents Efforts to Explain the Behavior of Neglectful Parents Substance-Abusing Families Domestic Violence and Neglect Plight of the Parent and the Social Worker Summary Review Questions Suggested Readings Web Exploration References Chapter 5 The Physical Abuse of Children Causes of Physical Abuse Interactional Variables Environmental/Life Stress Variables Social/Cultural/Economic Variables Risk Assessment and Physical Abuse Child Risk Factors Parental Risk Factors Family System Risk Factors Symptoms of Physical Abuse Physical Symptoms Behavioral Indications of Abuse Abusive Parents Parents' Unlearned Tasks from Childhood Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy Abusive Parents and Adolescents Domestic Violence and Other Abuse within the Family Domestic Violence Abuse by Siblings Summary Review Questions Suggested Readings Endnote Web Exploration References Chapter 6 The Sexual Abuse of Children Two Groups' Approaches to Child Sexual Abuse Child Protection Movement Feminist Movement Definition of Child Sexual Abuse Types of Sexual Abuse Intrafamilial Abuse Extrafamilial Abuse The Progression of Sexual Abuse Engagement Phases Sexual Interaction and Secrecy Phases Disclosure Phase Suppression Phase Incidence of Sexual Abuse Studies of Abuse Influence of Reporting on Statistics False Allegations Movement Profile of the Abused Child Children at Risk Female Victims Male Victims Degree of Trauma Profile of the Perpetrator Multifactor Theories Single-Factor Theories Process Models Who Become Perpetrators? Female Abusers Juvenile Sexual Offenders Summary Review Questions Suggested Readings Web Exploration References Chapter 7 Incest: Familial Abuse Incest as a Problem Today Societal Contributions to Incest Father-Daughter Incest Family Patterns Profiles of the Family Father-Son Incest Family Dynamics Effects of Father-Son Incest Mother-Daughter Incest Family Dynamics Effects of Mother-Daughter Incest Mother-Son Incest Family Dynamics Effects of Mother-Son Incest Brother-Sister Incest Family Dynamics Effects of Brother-Sister Incest Homosexual Sibling Incest Incest with Uncles, Grandfathers, and Cousins Why Incest Stops Summary Review Questions Suggested Readings Web Exploration References Chapter 8 Extrafamilial Sexual Abuse, Misuse, and Exploitation Dynamics and Characteristics of Sexual Abuse outside the Family Pedophilia Pederasty Technophilia Sexual Abuse by Clergy Motivation of Perpetrators Crisis in the Catholic Church Impact on Victims Addressing Clerical Perpetrators Sexual Abuse in Day-Care Settings Types of Day-Care Abuse Reactions and Resulting Changes Sex Rings Child Pornography Child Prostitution Profiles of Prostitutes Missing Children Summary Endnote Review Questions Suggested Readings Web Exploration References Chapter 9 Psychological Maltreatment of Children Psychological Maltreatment Defined The Roots of Psychological Maltreatment Characteristics of the Psychologically Maltreated Child Family Dynamics Difficulty in Detecting and Treating Psychological Abuse Ritualistic Abuse Summary Review Questions Suggested Readings Web Exploration References Chapter 10 Intervention: Reporting and Investigation Culturally Sensitive Intervention The Intervention Process Reporting Investigating and Validating Home Visiting Assessing Risk and Protective Factors Children Caregivers Perpetrators Incidence and Environment Assessing Causes and Services Handling Emergencies Assessment Interviewing Interviewing Adults Interviewing Children Summary Review Questions Suggested Readings Web Exploration References Chapter 11 Intervention: Case Management and Roles of Other Professionals Case Management Considerations Family Reactions Custody of the Children Other Professionals Involved in the Intervention Process The Medical Team The Legal Team The Educational Team The Mental Health Team The Community Clergy and Church Staff Toward a Total Team Approach Summary Review Questions Suggested Readings Web Exploration References Chapter 12 The Legal Response to Child Abuse and Neglect The Legal Rights of Parents and Children Types of Court Intervention Juvenile Court Advantages and Disadvantages of Juvenile Court Criminal Court The Impact of Court on Children Sex Offender Registration The Media and the Court Summary Review Questions Suggested Readings Endnote Web Exploration References Chapter 13 Treatment: Physical Abuse and Neglect Preparing to Provide Treatment Providing Treatment Client Resistance Client Response Eligibility Criteria Limited Community Resources Treatment Methods Who Provides Treatment? Phases Family-Centered Services Shared Family Care Treatment of Physically Abusive Families Treatment of the Abused Child Treatment of the Parents Improving Parent-Child Relationships Treatment of the Siblings Treatment of Neglectful Families Equilibrium Maintenance Disequilibrium Techniques Summary Review Questions Suggested Readings Web Exploration References Chaoter 14 Treatment: Sexual Abuse Issues Surrounding Treatment Assumptions about the Treatment of the Sexually Abusive Family Treatment Models Child Sexual Abuse Treatment Programs Treatment Methods Issues Addressed in Family Treatment Phases of Treatment Treatment of Specific Family Members The Child and Adolescent The Mother or Nonabusing Parent The Perpetrator Treatment of Juvenile Offenders Preservation of Incestuous Families Parents of Children Abused Outside the Home Summary Review Questions Suggested Readings Web Exploration References Chapter 15 Foster Care as a Therapeutic Tool Problems with Foster Care Alternatives to Foster Care Therapeutic Potential in Foster Care The Role and Importance of the Natural Parents The Role of Foster Parents Other Placement for Abused or Neglected Children Residential Treatment Adoptive Placement Summary Review Questions Suggested Readings Web Exploration References Chapter 16 The Social Worker and the System A Day in the Life of a Protective Worker The Role of a Protective Social Worker Qualifications and Skills Personal Traits Responsibilities Frustrations and Pressures Does the System Work? Looking toward the Future Surviving in an Imperfect System Developing Cultural Awareness and Competence Summary Review Questions Suggested Readings Web Exploration References Chapter 17 Adults Abused as Children Society's Misconceptions Myth #1 Myth #2 Myth #3 Reasons for Adults' Disclosure Relationships Pressures of Adulthood Loss, Depression, or Trauma Residual Effects of Child Abuse and Neglect Effects from the Neglecting Family Trust Anger Relational Imbalances Low Self-Esteem Impaired Social Skills Substance Abuse Physical Problems Effects from the Physically Abusing Family Trust Anger Relational Imbalances Low Self-Esteem Coping Skills Long-Term Effects of Domestic Violence Effects from a Sexually Abusing Family Betrayal Traumatic Sexualization Stigmatization and Self-Esteem Powerlessness Anger Relational Imbalances Multiple Victimization Effects from Extrafamilial Abuse A Word about Resiliency Treatment of Adults Who Were Abused as Children Repressed Memories Individual Therapy Group Therapy Self-Help Groups Writers' Groups Legal Actions Therapist's Responses to Working with Survivors Summary Review Questions Suggested Readings Web Exploration References Chapter 18 Prevention Child Empowerment Models Prevention Efforts in Schools Life Skills Training Preparation for Parenthood Self-Protection Training Educational Services for the Community Help for At-Risk Families Parent Education Models Evaluating Home Visitation Programs Parent/Child Screening and Prevention Cuturally Sensitive Prevention Prevention Efforts by Professionals Prevention Efforts within the Community and Nationally Summary Review Questions Suggested Readings Web Exploration References Chapter 19 Toward a Better Tomorrow Society, Change, and Child Protection Rethinking Child Protection Creating a Unified Response Looking within, between, and beyond Agencies Changes in Society Reversing the Trend toward Socially Impoverished Families Supporting Parenting Realigning Societal Values Facing the Future Research Needs Summary Review Questions Suggested Readings Web Exploration References