Turkmen is the official language of the Republic of Turkmenistan, where more than two million people speak it. There are a further one million Turkmen speakers divided between Iran, Afghanistan, and to a lesser extent Turkey, Uzbekistan, Pakistan, the United States, and Germany. Turkmen has been transliterated into various scripts, but in 1996 a specially modified Roman alphabet replaced the Cyrillic script in Turkmenistan. This book contains a resourceful two-way dictionary that indicates parts of speech and provides clear examples to help clarify ambiguous meanings. Also included are an informative grammar and a brief guide to pronunciation. A collection of travel-oriented phrases comprises such diverse topics as "Relief Aid" and "Getting Around." Important notes on Turkmen culture, as well as travel information, are also given.
Nicholas Awde is a writer and regional consultant based in the Caucasus and Central Asia. Peter Maghashyan is a freelance journalist, analyst, and consultant on regional, political, and economic issues. He is based in Yerevan, Armenia.