This collection explores the most important transformations and upheavals of post-1945 Europe in the light of recent scholarship. Twelve chapters consider key political, cultural and economic changes of an era that needs reevalutaion and reconsideration from a historical perspective. Themes in Modern European History is structured around recent theoretical debates on the postwar. 1945 up to 1973 saw unprecedented economic growth in the 'golden age' of prosperity, and it witnessed a social flux that dramatically transformed the fabric of European society. After 1989, Europe grappled with the East European revolutions and faced the challenge of reintegrating the continent after 75 years of partition and conflict. At the beginning of the twenty-first century, the concept of 'European civilization' remains ambiguous.