Seeks to explain how the peacemakers of World War I saw their task and how they hoped to achieve their ends.
Table of Contents
Part 1 The old world falls apart: shifting balance of power; nationalism, imperialism and alliances; outbreak of war; war aims and wartime developments; collapse of the central powers; Wilson's programme for world peace; pre-armistice agreement; armistice. Part 2 The Paris Peace Conference: Council of Ten; Council of Four. Part 3 The League of Nations: origins; wartime developments; Parisian proposals; drafting the covenant. Part 4 Reparations: reparations or indemnity?; British demand for an indemnity; French policy reviewed; Commission on the Reparation of Damage; origins of the "War Guilt" clause; central points of debate; reparations in the Council of Four; reparations settlement; reactions to the draft proposals; reparations in perspective. Part 5 The German settlement: Alsace-Lorraine; the Rhineland; the Saar; Belgium; Schleswig; Poland; the Sudetenland and Austria; Memel; German disarmament; "Hanging the Kaiser"; results. Part 6 The Eastern European Settlement: the Balkans - Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Rumania; Eastern and Central Europe - Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Poland, the Baltic Provinces, Russia; national self-determination, plebiscites and minority protection. Part 7 The colonial, Near and Middle Eastern Settlements: the Mandate System; Germany's colonies in Africa and Asia; collapse of Ottoman power; peace settlement in the Near East; from Versailles to Sevres; from Sevres to Lausanne; wartime developments in the Middle East; the Middle East at the Conference - Syria, Palestine; from Versailles to San Remo.