Gale explains why international negotiations have not produced a sustainable solution to tropical rainforest degradation. Using an innovative, critical approach to international regimes, the author analyzes the structure and operation of the International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO). He shows how the timber industry and producing- and consuming-country governments created a blocking alliance that favoured developmentalist interests and ideas. The ITTO bolstered this alliance by permitting environmentalists merely to voice, but not to negotiate, their concerns.
FRED P. GALE is an Associate Lecturer, School of Government, University of Tasmania. He was previously Research Associate with the Eco-Research Chair of Environmental Law and Policy at the University of Victoria. Prior to his doctoral studies, Dr Gale worked for over ten years in the field of international development, as a volunteer English teacher in Sabah College, Sabah, Malaysia, as a program officer with the Irish Agency for Personal Service Overseas, and as a desk officer with the United Nations World Food Program in Rome, Italy. He has written several monographs on the BC forest products industry, eco-certification and labelling, and international trade policy.