In "The Politics" Aristotle addresses the questions that lie at the heart of political science. How should society be ordered to ensure the happiness of the individual? Which forms of government are best and how should they be maintained? By analyzing a range of city constitutions - oligarchies, democracies and tyrannies - he seeks to establish the strengths and weaknesses of each system, and to decide which are the most effective, in theory and in practice. A hugely significant work, which has influenced thinkers as diverse as Thomas Aquinas and Machiavelli, "The Politics" remains an outstanding commentary on fundamental political issues and concerns, and provides fascinating insights into the workings and attitudes of the Greek city-state.
Aristotle was born at Stagira, in the dominion of the kings of Macedonia, in 384 BC. For twenty years he studied at Athens in the Academy of Plato. Some time later, became the tutor of young Alexander The Great. His writings have profoundly affectedthe whole course of ancient and medieval philosophy. T. A. Sinclair was Professor of Greek at the Queen's University of Belfast for 27 years. Trevor J. Saunders is Professor of Greek at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne.