This work is a portait of the Italians and modern Italy. Italy is a country of many paradoxes - a country more prosperous than Britain, where phones, railways and government do not work. Its people enjoy one of the highest standards of living in Europe, but they also have more hard drug abusers and more serious crime. This study of the Italians focuses on individuals and groups, and discovers how they make Italy work. It also looks at such issues as how Italy is going to cope with the challenges of a Single Europe, and why Italy has the best combination of quality of life and standard of living.