Unemployment is central to social exclusion and people with poor skills are disproportionately concentrated in disadvantaged areas. This report presents new and detailed insights into the changing spatial division of labour and the geography of skills, employment and non-employment. Drawing on an analysis of data from the 2001 Census, Labour Force Survey and Employers Skill Survey, it assesses the profile of employment in particular areas, in relation to people who are unemployed, their skills and socio-economic status. "Geography of Poor Skills and Access to Work" investigates the changes in the geography and occupational profile of jobs between 1991 and 2001 and identifies the distribution and circumstances of those with poor skills as well as key features of areas that have fared less well economically. Using new variables available in the 2001 Census on qualifications and periods of unemployment, the book also includes information about the spatial distribution and economic position of people with few or poor skills and those unable to re-enter employment after job loss.
The report emphasises the changing occupational structure of employment and the skills intensification of the job market. It provides a fuller understanding of the differential prospects of those with poor skills according to their location and suggests ways of providing access to jobs for people with different skill levels in different types of local area.
Anne E Green is a full-time researcher at the Institute for Employment Research, University of Warwick. She has a background in geography and works primarily on issues concerned with spatial dimensions of economic, social and demographic change and on aspects of local and regional labour markets. She is currently Vice-chair of the Regional Studies Association and a member of the Regional Science Association, the Royal Geographical Society (with the Institute of British Geographers) and the Town and Country Planning Association. Her research interests include local economic indicators and allocation issues, labour market information and other spatially-referenced information, the measurement and geography of unemployment and non-employment, migration and commuting and urban, rural and regional development. David Owen is a Principal Research Fellow at the Institute for Employment Research.