1903. Andrew Carnegie's life was a true rags to riches story. Born to a poor Scottish family that immigrated to the United States, Carnegie became a powerful businessman and a leading force in the American steel industry. Today, he is remembered as an industrialist, millionaire, and philanthropist. Carnegie believed that the wealthy had an obligation to give back to society, so he donated much of his fortune to causes like education and peace. His writings, including numerous books and some 80 articles, evidence his awareness of the problems created by the demands and rewards of a society undergoing industrialization. The Empire of Business is one of Carnegie's best-known works.