Since the O. J. Simpson murder case in the mid-1990s and the many instances of DNA evidence ultimately releasing people convicted unjustly of crimes, there has been a fascination with not only "true crime" per se but many other aspects of criminal investigation--processing crime scenes, fingerprints, blood spatters, expert witnesses--and the list goes on. The Complete Idiot's Guide(R) to Criminal Investigation is the perfect entry point for anyone who has ever been fascinated by crime, criminals, and the ways they are investigated and studied. The book has the benefit of both a terrific writer and an expert who can offer wonderful insights into criminal investigation from his many years as a professional. And because the book covers methods of investigation other than the forensic sciences, it gives a better-rounded picture of the subject than competing titles.
Table of Contents
I. OVERVIEW AND LONG VIEW. 1. Right and Wrong and Cops and Robbers. Everyone's Got a Theory. Order and Law. When It Comes to Crime, Everything's Relative. The Professor and the Cop. Sleuths and Scientists. Get Real: The Truth About Criminal Investigation. 2. Criminology Classic. Criminological Prehistory. Hail, Cesare! Bentham's Head. Classical Criminology Distilled. A Flawed but Persistent View. And Now for Something Completely Different!. 3. Power of Positive Thinking. Lombroso: The "Father" of Criminology. The Two Strands of Positivist Criminology. Positivist Criminology Distilled. Positivist Criminology Today. Positivism: Problems and Pluses. 4. Strain Theory. The Focus Shifts. Strain Theory Distilled. Modern Problems. Crime in the "Age of Anxiety". Crime and Prosperity: Robert K. Merton's "Dream Machine". Strained to the Limit? II. IN THEORY. 5. Current Criminology: Some Leading Perspectives. Strain Theory Today. Labeling: Crime as a Social Process. Crime as Class Warfare. Feminist Criminology. 6. Current Criminology: Right and Left. Contemporary Criminology Under Indictment. Realists from the Left. Restorative Justice. Cutting Edge: Critical Criminology. III. THE USUAL SUSPECTS. 7. Crimes to Order. Classifying Crime. Crimes Against Persons. Crimes Against Property. The Drug Cycle. White-Collar Crime. Victimology. 8. Profiling the Bad Guys. Criminal Profiling: Fact vs. Fiction. A Short History of Criminal Profiling. FBI Crime Scene Analysis. Investigative Psychology: The Canter Approach. Behavioral Evidence Analysis: The Turvey Approach. Profiling Scorecard. IV. ON THE SCENE (AND IN THE LAB). 9. The Arrival. Who's on Call. Pitfalls. 10. Bringing Method to the Madness. Recording the Scene. Taking Note. Asking Questions. Search Me. Special Searches. 11. Gathering the Evidence. An Investigator's Toolkit. What Is Evidence, Anyway? An Unbroken Chain. 12. The Fingerprint Story. Early Criminal Identification. The "Father of Scientific Detection". Fingerprinting: A Short History. Finding the Prints. Loops to Whorls: The Classification of Fingerprints. AFIS: Automated Fingerprint Identification System. What About DNA "Fingerprinting"? 13. Crime Lab. Forensics: What It Is. Work of the Modern Crime Lab. Areas of Special Expertise. V. THE BODY IN QUESTION. 14. House Call. The Crime Scene. Checklist: Gathering Information. A Step Back. Reading the Wounds. 15. Body of Evidence. Meet the ME. Dead Men and the Tales They Tell. Death: How? Death: When? Death by Poisoning: Forensic Toxicology. Identification. 16. DNA Evidence: The "Smoking Gun"? The Double Helix. Step by Step. Playing the Numbers and Making the ID. DNA Evidence in the Courts. The Future of DNA Identification. VI. THE LONG ARM. 17. Policing: The Way It Was. The First Cops. Case Study: London. Policing for a New Century, 1900. 18. Policing America. New York City Before 1895. Enter Commissioner Roosevelt. A Nation of Immigrants. A Nation of Lawbreakers. The Evolution of the FBI. 19. Policing: The Way It Is. To Serve and to Protect. Old Dangers, New Pressures. Police Academy: The Latest Sequel. Deadly Force and Gentle Persuasion. 20. The Ultimate Weapon: Information. Sources of Information. The Information File. The Rat--a Necessary Evil. Police Networking. 21. Lie Detectors. The Polygraph. A Short History of the Lie Detector. The Polygraph in Action. What Can Go Wrong? Inadmissible? The Courts and the Polygraph. Alternatives to the Polygraph. 22. Beyond the Fringe. "Truth Serum". You Are Getting Sleepy!. Psychic Hotline. Intuition on Steroids. VII. CRIME IN A CRYSTAL BALL. 23. Future Crime. Based on Current Statistics!. Economy and Opportunity. The Drug Scene. Techno Crime. Cyber Crime. The New Counterfeiters. 24. Future Cops. New Technologies and Traditional Values. Security Horizons. Emphasis on Information. The Arsenal of the Future. Policing for the People. VIII. APPENDIXES. Appendix A. Who's Who in Criminology and Criminal Investigation. Appendix B. Milestones in Crime and Crime Fighting. Appendix C. The "Ten Code". Appendix D. Further Reading and Favorite Websites. Index.
Alan Axelrod has written widely in the areas of trade reference, popular history, biography, and business. He is the author or co-author of eight previous Complete Idiot's Guides(R) and is the co-author of Cops, Crooks, and Criminologists: A Biographical Dictionary of Law Enforcement. He has served as consultant to numerous museums and cultural institutions, television documentaries, and is historical consultant for The Discovery Channel. Guy Antinozzi is a practicing law enforcement professional. Trained as a lawyer (J.D., Emory University), he is special investigator in the Solicitor General's Office of Dekalb County, in metro Atlanta. His office processes about 16,000 investigations every year. A veteran police officer and criminal investigator, he also teaches in the field.