Bringing together some of the world's most distinguished experts in the research as well as clinical or surgical practice, Textbook of the Neurogenic Bladder explores all aspects of nervous bladder dysfunction, from causes to treatment of both retention and incontinence. This book builds a foundation by explaining the normal embryology, anatomy, and physiology of the lower urinary tract. It covers the epidemiology, pathology, and pathophysiology of different aspects of neurogenic bladder and discusses different neurological pathologies responsible for neurogenic bladder dysfunction. Types of dysfunction are methodically classified by symptoms, site of neurological lesions, and urodynamic findings as well as using the newly developed method of considering both structure and function. This book provides an overview of the available treatment options and potential complications, a practical guide to the diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of neurogenic bladders. The summarizing, synthesizing, and simplifying of vast amounts of knowledge make this book a precise, updated, well-documented, and authoritative reference on all aspects of neurogenic bladder.
Table of Contents
Part I: The Normal Urinary Tract 1. Embryology of the Lower Urinary Tract 2. Simplified Anatomy of the Vesico-urethral Unit 3. Physiology of the Smooth Muscles of the Bladder and Urethra 4. Physiology of the Striated Muscles 5. Pharmacology of the Lower Urinary Tract 6. Integrated Physiology of the Lower Urinary Tract Part II: Functional Pathology of the Lower Urinary Tract 7. Epidemiology of the Neurogenic Bladder 8. Ultrastructural Pathology of Neurogenic Bladder 9. Pathophysiology of the Overactive Bladder 10. Pathophysiology of the Areflexic Bladder 11. Pathophysiology of the Low Compliant Bladder 12. Pathophysiology of the Detrusor-sphincter Dyssynergia 13. Pathophysiology of the Autonomic Dysreflexia 14. Pathophysiology of Spinal Chord Injury Part III: Neurological Pathologies Responsible for the Development of the Neurogenic Bladder Developmental Abnormalities 15. Spina Bifida in Infancy and Childhood 16. Spina Bifida in Adults 17. Syringomyelia and Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction Peripheral Neuropathies 18. Systemic Illnesses (Diabetes Mellitus, Sarcoidosis, Alcoholism and Porphyrias) 19. Other Peripheral Neuropathies (Lumbo-sacral Zoster, Genito-urinary Herpes, Tabes Dorsalis, Guillan-Barre Syndrome) 20. Peripheral Neuropathies of the Lower Urinary Tract, Following Pelvic Surgery and Radiation Therapy Hereditary and Degenerative Diseases 21. Dementia and Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction 22. Pathologies of the Basal Ganglia (Parkinson's Disease, Huntingdon's Disease) 23. Urinary Dysfunction in Multiple System Atrophy Demyelinating Neuropathies 24. Multiple Sclerosis 25. Other Diseases (Transverse Myelitis, Tropical Spastic Paraparesia, Progressive Multifocal Leuko-encephalopathy, Lyme Disease) Vascular Pathologies and Tumors of the Brain 26. Cerebrovascular Accidents, Intracranial Tumors, and its Urologic Consequences Disc Prolapse and Tumors of the Spinal Cord 27. Inverebral Disc Prolapse 28. Spinal and Cord Tumors Traumatic Injuries of the Central Nervous System 29. Spinal Cord Injury and Cerebral Trauma Other Neurological Pathologies Responsible for Neurogenic Bladder Dysfunction 30. Cerebral Palsy, Cerebellar Ataxia, AIDS, Phacomatosis, Neuromuscular Disorders and Epilepsia Part IV: Evaluation of Neurogenic Bladder Dysfunction 31. Clinical Evaluation: History and Physical Examination 32. Quality of Life Assessment in Neurogenic Bladder 33. The Voiding Diary 34. The Pad Test 35. Endoscopic Evaluation of the Neurogenic Bladder 36. Imaging Techniques in the Evaluation of Neurogenic Bladder Dysfunction 37. Normal Urodynamic Parameters in Children 38. Evaluation of Neurogenic Bladder Dysfunction: Basic Urodynamics 39. Urodynamics in Infants and Children 40. Electrophysiological Evaluation: Basic Principles and Clinical Applications 41. Practical Guide to Diagnosisand Follow-up of Patients with Neurogenic Bladder Dy