For courses in Construction Management and Civil Tech. This text is used as introduction in colleges and technical schools where a basic but practical approach to surveying is desired. The subject matter is organized into three major sections: Part 1, Basic Concepts in Surveying; Part 2, Surveying Equipment and Field Methods; and Part 3, Surveying Applications, and contains additional mathematical teaching.
Table of Contents
PART 1. BASIC CONCEPTS IN SURVEYING. 1. Introduction. The Art and Science of Surveying. The Surveying Method. Surveying Applications. Historical Background. The Profession of Surveying. Field Notes. Questions for Review. 2. Measurements and Computations. Units of Measurement. Computations. Mistakes and Errors. Accuracy and Precision. Questions for Review. Practice Problems. 3. Basic Mathematics for Surveying. Geometry and Measuration. Trigonometry. Coordinate and Analytic Geometry. Practice Problems. PART 2. SURVEYING EQUIPMENT AND FIELD METHODS. 4. Measuring Horizontal Distances. Rough Distance Measurement. Taping: Equipment and Methods. Taping Mistakes, Errors, and Corrections. Electronic Distance Measurement. Questions for Review. Practice Problems. 5. Measuring Vertical Distances. Principles of Leveling. Leveling Equipment. Leveling Procedures. Vertical Control (Benchmark) Surveys. Profile Leveling. Questions for Review. Practice Problems. 6. Measuring Angles and Directions. Vertical Angles. Horizontal Angles and Directions. Magnetic Declination and the Compass. The Transit. The Theodolite. Accuracy, Mistakes, and Errors. Questions for Review. Practice Problems. PART 3. SURVEYING APPLICATIONS. 7. Horizontal Control Surveys. Traverses. Traverse Closure Computations. Traverse Area Computations. Miscellaneous Computations. Elementary Triangulation and Trilateration. Advanced Positioning Technology. Questions for Review. Practice Problems. 8. Property Surveys. Property Descriptions. Legal Aspects. Land Subdivisions. Procedure for a Resurvey. Questions for Review. Practice Problems. 9. Topographic Surveys and Maps. Plotting a Traverse. Contour Lines. Topo Survey Procedures. Basic Photogrammetry. Questions for Review. Practice Problems. 10. Highway Curves and Earthwork. Route Surveys. Horizontal Curves. Locating a Curve. Compound and Reserve Curves. Vertical Curves. Curves Through Fixed Points. Earthwork Computations. Questions for Review. Practice Problems. 11. Construction Surveys. Establishing Line. Establishing Grade. Slope Staking. Building and Pipeline Stakeout. Additional Layout Procedures. Questions for Review. Practice Problems. Appendix. A. Traditional Surveying Techniques and Equipment. B. Units and Conversions. C. Formulas and Tables. D. Sources of Additional Information. E. Glossary. F. Answers to Even-Numbered Problems. Index.