The Seventh edition of David Newman's "Sociology: Exploring the Architecture of Everyday Life" once again invites students into the world of sociological thought. "Sociology" encourages students to think less about the next test and more about how sociology applies to their everyday lives. In addition to updated coverage and fresh examples, this edition features revamped Micro-Macro Connections that have been even further honed to help students understand the link between individual lives and the structure of society.
Table of Contents
About the Author Preface Acknowledgments PART I THE INDIVIDUAL AND SOCIETY 1 Taking a New Look at a Familiar World Sociology and the Individual The Insights of Sociology The Sociological Imagination Aemile Durkheim: A Sociological View of Suicide Conclusion YOUR TURN CHAPTER HIGHLIGHTS KEY TERMS 2 Seeing and Thinking Sociologically How Individuals Structure Society Social Influence: The Impact of Other People in Our Everyday Lives Stanley Milgram: Ordinary People and Cruel Acts Societal Influence: The Effect of Social Structure on Our Everyday Lives Statuses and Roles Groups Organizations Marion Nestle: The Economics and Politics of Food Culture Values Micro-Macro Connection: Family Privacy Versus Children's Welfare Norms Social Structure in Global Context Visual Essay: The Old Ball Game Three Perspectives on Social Order The Structural-Functionalist Perspective The Conflict Perspective Symbolic Interactionism Conclusion YOUR TURN CHAPTER HIGHLIGHTS KEY TERMS STUDY SITE ON THE WEB PART II THE CONSTRUCTION OF SELF AND SOCIETY 3 Building Reality: The Social Construction of Knowledge Understanding the Social Construction of Reality Laying the Foundation: The Bases of Reality Culture and Language Micro-Macro Connection: The Language of War Self- Fulfilling Prophecies Faith and Incorrigible Propositions Hugh Mehan and Houston Wood: The Infallible Oracle Building the Walls: Conflict, Power, and Social Institutions The Economics of Reality The Politics of Reality The Medium Is the Message Moral Entrepreneurs Appreciating the Contributions of Sociological Research Visual Essay: Personal Billboards The Empirical Nature of Sociological Research Qualitative and Quantitative Research Theories, Variables, and Hypotheses Modes of Research Experiments Field Research Surveys Unobtrusive Research The Trustworthiness of Social Research Samples Indicators Values, Interests, and Ethics in Sociological Research Laud Humphreys: The Tearoom Trade Conclusion YOUR TURN CHAPTER HIGHLIGHTS KEY TERMS STUDY SITE ON THE WEB 4 Building Order: Culture and History Dimensions of Culture Material and Nonmaterial Culture Micro-Macro Connection: The Chair Global Culture Subcultures and Countercultures History: The "Archives" for Everyday Living Cultural Expectations and Social Order Micro-Macro Connection: Can You Hear Me Now? Social Institutions and Cultural Norms Institutionalized Emotions Norms and Sanctions Cultural Relativism and Ethnocentrism Cultural Variation and Everyday Experience Health and Illness Sex Visual Essay: Funeral Rituals in the Netherlands Conclusion YOUR TURN CHAPTER HIGHLIGHTS KEY TERMS STUDY SITE ON THE WEB 5 Building Identity: Socialization Social Structure and the Construction of Human Beings Socialization: Becoming Who We Are The Acquisition of Self The Differentiation of Self Language Acquisition and the Looking-Glass Self The Development of Role Taking Resocialization Spencer Cahill: The Professional Socialization of Funeral Directors The Self in Cultural Context Socialization and Stratification: Growing Up With Inequality Social Class Race and Ethnicity Gender Micro-Macro Connection: Girls' Toys and Boys' Toys Institutions and Socialization Education Visual Essay: Becoming a Mariner Religion Mass Media Conclusion YOUR TURN CHAPTER HIGHLIGHTS KEY TERMS STUDY SITE ON THE WEB 6 Supporting Identity: The Presentation of Self Forming Impressions of Others Social Group Membership Physical Appearance Micro-Macro Connection: Sizing People Up Verbal and Nonverbal Expression Managing Impressions Visual Essay: Image Making The Illusion of Youth Political Portraits Dramaturgy: Actors on a Social Stage Front Stage and Back Stage Peter Ubel: Elevator Talk Among Doctors and Nurses Props Social Influences on Impression Management Race and Ethnicity Elijah Anderson: Streetwise Social Status Collective Impression Management Mismanaging Impressions: Spoiled Identities Embarrassment Remedies for Spoiled Identities Stigma Conclusion YOUR TURN CHAPTER HIGHLIGHTS KEY TERMS STUDY SITE ON THE WEB 7 Building Social Relationships: Intimacy and Families Life With Others Social Diversity and Intimate Choices Religious Endogamy Racial and Ethnic Endogamy Social Class Endogamy Visual Essay: The Blending of America: Mixed Race Family Life Defining Family Historical Trends in Family Life Trends in Family Structure Trends in Household Size Trends in Divorce Cultural Variation in Intimacy and Family Family and Social Structure How Other Institutions Influence Family The Influence of Law and Politics The Influence of Religion The Influence of Economics Micro-Macro Connection: Dual-Earner Parents How Social Diversity Influences Family Mary Pattillo-McCoy: Privilege and Peril in Middle-Class Black Families Family Challenges Divorce The Normalization of Divorce Children, Divorce, and Single Parenting Remarriage and Stepfamilies Family Violence Intimate Partner Violence Child Abuse Family Violence in Cultural Context Personal and Institutional Responses to Intimate Violence Conclusion YOUR TURN CHAPTER HIGHLIGHTS KEY TERMS STUDY SITE ON THE WEB 8 Constructing Difference: Social Deviance Defining Deviance Absolutist Definitions of Deviance Relativist Definitions of Deviance The Elements of Deviance Visual Essay: A Culture of Tramps Micro-Macro Connection: Sexual Abuse and the Clergy Explaining Deviant Behavior Deterring Deviance Labeling Deviants Nancy Herman: Becoming an Ex-Crazy Linking Power, Deviance, and Social Control The Criminalization of Deviance The Social Reality of Crime Corporate and White Collar Crime The Menace of "Illegal" Drugs The Medicalization of Deviance Individualizing Complex Social Issues Micro-Macro Connection: The Pharmaceutical Personality Depoliticizing Deviance Conclusion YOUR TURN CHAPTER HIGHLIGHTS KEY TERMS STUDY SITE ON THE WEB PART III SOCIAL STRUCTURE, INSTITUTIONS, AND EVERYDAY LIFE 9 The Structure of Society: Organizations, Social Institutions, and Globalization Social Structure and Everyday Life Social Dilemmas: Individual Interests and Structural Needs The Tragedy of the Commons The Free-Rider Problem Solutions to Social Dilemmas The Structure of Formal Organizations Bureaucracies: Playing by the Rules George Ritzer: The McDonaldization of Society The Hierarchical Makeup of Organizations The Upper Echelons The Middle Ground The Lower Echelons The Construction of Organizational Reality Organizations and Institutions Organizational Networks Within Institutions Micro-Macro Connection: The U.S. Health Care System Institutional Pressures Toward Similarity Globalization and Social Institutions Economics Education Visual Essay: The Trail of the Tomato Religion Conclusion YOUR TURN CHAPTER HIGHLIGHTS KEY TERMS STUDY SITE ON THE WEB 10 The Architecture of Stratification: Social Class and Inequality Stratification Systems Slavery Micro-Macro Connection: Buying and Selling Humans Caste System Estate Systems Social Class Systems Sociological Perspectives on Stratification The Structural-Functionalist View of Stratification The Conflict View of Stratification The Marxian Class Model A Neo-Marxian Model of Stratification Weber's Model of Stratification Class Inequality in the United States Class and Everyday Life Class Distinctions The Upper Class The Middle Class The Working Class Mike Rose: The Mind at Work The Poor Micro-Macro Connection: Out on the Street What Poverty Means in the United States The Poverty Line The Near-Poor The Poverty Rate Why Poverty Persists Enduring Disparities in Income and Wealth The Social "Benefits" of Poverty The Ideology of Competitive Individualism The Culture of Poverty Global Development and Inequality The Global Economic Gap Micro-Macro Connection: The Global Health Divide Explanations for Global Stratification Global Financial Organizations Multinational Corporations Conclusion YOUR TURN CHAPTER HIGHLIGHTS KEY TERMS STUDY SITE ON THE WEB 11 The Architecture of Inequality: Race and Ethnicity Race and Ethnicity: More Than Just Biology Micro-Macro Connection: Politics and Multiracial Identity Histories of Oppression and Inequality Native Americans Latino/as Visual Essay: "Civilizing" 'the Indians African Americans Asian Americans Muslim Americans Racial and Ethnic Relations Personal Racism Stereotypes Prejudice and Discrimination The Privilege of Having No Color Class, Race, and Discrimination Quiet Racism Joe Feagin and Eileen O'Brien: White Men on Race The Cultural Ideology of Racism Racism in Language The Myth of Innate Racial Inferiority Micro-Macro Connection: Racial Superiority and the Dominant Black Athlete Institutional Racism: Injustice Built Into the System Racial Inequality in the Economic System Racial Inequality in the Health Care System Racial Inequality in the Educational System Remedies for Institutional Racism: Affirmative Action Global Perspective on Racism Conclusion YOUR TURN CHAPTER HIGHLIGHTS KEY TERMS STUDY SITE ON THE WEB 12 The Architecture of Inequality: Sex and Gender Sexism at the Personal Level Sexism and Social Interaction Laura Miller: Gender, Power, and Harassment in the Military Sexual Orientation Violence Against Women Rape as a Means of Social Control Victim Blaming The Ideology of Sexism: Biology as Destiny Institutions and Gender Inequality Gender Inequality in Health and Health Care Gender Inequality in the Media Micro-Macro Connection: Can Media Images Be Hazardous to Your Health? Gender Inequality in Families Gender Inequality in Education Gender Inequality in the Economy Segregation in the Workplace The Wage Gap The Global Devaluation of Women Conclusion YOUR TURN CHAPTER HIGHLIGHTS KEY TERMS STUDY SITE ON THE WEB 13 Demographic Dynamics: Population Trends The Influence of Birth Cohorts Baby Boomers Generation X The Millennium Generation Demographic Dynamics Population Growth Global Imbalances in Population Growth Politics, Culture, and Population Growth Age Structure Geographic Distribution Migration Within a Society Migration from One Country to Another Population Trends in the United States Immigration and the Changing Face of the United States The Immigrant Surge Visual Essay: Immigrant Nation Social Responses to Immigrants Micro-Macro Connection: The Peculiar Politics of Immigration The "Graying" of the United States Conclusion YOUR TURN CHAPTER HIGHLIGHTS KEY TERMS STUDY SITE ON THE WEB 14 Architects of Change: Reconstructing Society Social Change Micro-Macro Connection: Parental Pressure in Childhood Sports The Speed of Social Change Causes of Social Change Environmental and Population Pressures Cultural and Technological Innovation Micro-Macro Connection: Technology and the Erosion of Privacy Diffusion of Technologies and Cultural Practices Social Movement Types of Social Movements Elements of Social Movements Ideology Visual Essay: Portraits of Grief Rising Expectations Resource Mobilization Bureaucratization Political Opportunity Structure The Sociological Imagination Revisited Conclusion and Farewell YOUR TURN CHAPTER HIGHLIGHTS KEY TERMS STUDY SITE ON THE WEB References Photo Credits Glossary/Index
David M. Newman (Ph.D., University of Washington) is Professor of Sociology at DePauw University. In addition to the introductory course, he teaches courses in research methods, family, social psychology, deviance, and mental illness. He has won teaching awards at both the University of Washington and DePauw University. His other written work includes Identities and Inequalities: Exploring the Intersections of Race, Class, Gender, and Sexuality (McGraw-Hill) and Families: A Sociological Perspective (McGraw-Hill).