Until recently the work of Jean-Paul Sartre seemed to have faded out of fashion. Existentialism was replaced by structuralism and poststructuralism, and Sartrean philosophy was relegated to anthologies. In France and the United States, real confrontation with his work has been virtually missing. This collection of essays addresses this absence by shedding light on Sartre's contribution to critical trends that have been developing over the last twenty years, including feminism, gender studies, and post-colonial studies. In addition, the essays combine to reassess Sartre's importance in such traditional fields as literature, philosophy, and psychoanalysis. An essential, comprehensive volume of work, Situating Sartre in Twentieth-Century Thought and Culture updates and expands the scope of Sartrean studies.