This study examines contemporary judicial policies and sentencing practices in India, as well as their historical roots. It examines such topics as the causes of criminal behavior, the philosophical foundations of punishment, capital punishment, restorative justice, victim compensation, and recent judicial trends. It also provides comparisons on punishment policies between India and several other societies-Germany, China, Australia, Finland, New Zealand, the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, South Africa, and Israel.
A. Lakshminath is vice chancellor of Chanakya National Law University. Komanduri S. Murty is professor of sociology at Fort Valley State University.