Tough, frank, and direct talk from nationally and internationally recognized fisheries authorities---these men are in the forefront of current fishing questions making and influencing decisions which will affect how, to what extent, and by whom ocean resources will be used. These discussions demonstrate the close interrelationship of biological, social, and economic considerations, domestic and international law, and politics in fishing, fisheries research, and management. Out of this fast-paced struggle to use and profit from the ocean resources come some very different points o f view on matters of common concern. The message is clear that biology is important, but so are many other factors in finding, catching, controlling, and using these valuable resources. Progress is being made, but it is not without disagreement, conflict, and sometimes failure. Examples of all are presented, discussed, and evaluated. Admonitions, warnings, and predictions are included. Many of the speakers freely expressed strongly held views and philosophies on widely ranging fisheries subjects. The basis in each case was personal experience. A cross section of direct quotes is enclosed to indicate frankness of the speakers and variety and scope of the materia1 covered.