The progress of the whole of humanity has often rested on a theory, a law or even a simple formula. From finding a basic understanding of our place in the Universe to harnessing the very forces of nature to our own ends, this book stands as a testament to the ingenuity of the human mind and in particular the achievements of our brightest and best. From the Classical thinkers to modern astronomical theories and from the ground-breaking advances in medicine to the cutting-edge concepts in computing and game theory, the Little Book of Big Ideas: Science discusses those scientists, breakthroughs and theories that have advanced knowledge, society and human life. Understand the early concepts of mathematics from Pythagoras, Archimedes, Hypatia and Euclid. Review the great leaps forward in understanding physics and chemistry from Newton, Faraday, Rutherford and Einstein. Trace the development of modern medicine and our knowledge of the human body with a review of Fleming, Sanger and McClintock. Consider how we came to understand our Universe with the insight and genius of Ptolemy, Galileo, Hubble and Hawking.