This book examines the acquisition of pragmatics - language used in social contexts - in language classrooms. The paperback edition examines the acquisition of pragmatics - language use in social contexts - in second and foreign language classrooms. Included are 2 state-of-the-art survey chapters, and 11 chapters reporting the results of empirical research, all written especially for this collection. The empirical studies cover three areas: incidental acquisition of pragmatics in instructed contexts, the effects of instruction in pragmatics, and the assessment of pragmatics ability. The studies address a number of areas in pragmatics, from speech acts and discourse markers to conversational routines and address terms, and represent a range of target languages and contexts in the United States, Asia, and Europe. A wide array of research methodologies are also employed, from questionnaires to in-depth interviews and conversation analysis. The first collection of its kind, Pragmatics in Language Teaching offers a comprehensive and essential introduction to a rapidly growing area, and should be of interest to researchers, graduate students, and language teachers.
Table of Contents
1. Pragmatics in language teaching; 2. Evaluating the empirical evidence: Grounds for instruction in pragmatics?; 3. Classroom research on interlanguage pragmatics; Pragmatic and grammatical awareness: A function of learning environment?; 5. Why can't learners of JFL distinguish polite form impolite speech styles?; 6. A longitudinal study of the development of expression of alignment in JFL; 7. Acquiring French interactional norms through instruction; 8. Inductive and deductive teaching of compliments and compliment responses; 9. The role of input enhancement in developing pragmatic competence; 10. Explicit and implicit teaching of pragmatic routines: Japanese sumimasen; 11. Explicit instruction and JFL learners' use of interactional discourse markers; 12. Use of address terms on the German Speaking Test; 13. Indicators for pragmatic instruction: Some quantitative tools; 14 Pragmatics tests: Different purposes, different tests.