This volume is the second in the ongoing series on the History of Science, Philosophy and Culture in Indian Civilization. It is a thematic exploration of the contextual meanings and configurations of major political ideas and ideals that have shaped the political world of colonial and postcolonial India. Deviating from a thinker-centred or chronological approach, these essays inquire into, and reflect on, the entire wide range of themes and issues in political thought in modern India, including political ideas: rights, freedoms, equality, social justice, constitutional rule, swaraj, swadeshi, satyagraha, class war, socialism, Hindutva, Hind Swaraj, syncretic culture and composite nationalism. This collaborative study explores the way Indian intellectuals encountered colonial modernity and examines how the Indian nation-state came to be constituted as a community of communities. It departs from the prevalent view that Indian Muslims have a unified structure of consciousness and analyzes Gandhi's role in bringing about harmony between Hindus and Muslims. It offers a corrective to the tendency to conflate Gandhian and Hindutva approaches.The volume also offers insights into the way the multi-religious Indian Hindu society gradually embraced the principles of liberal democracy and points out that constitutionalism, law and jurisprudence have not been given due attention by most Indian social and political theorists.
It discusses contemporary debates on issues like OBC quotas, gender justice and women's representation and critically examines communist interventions in Indian politics since the 1920s and the role of the peasant masses as the collective agent of historical change in colonial and postcolonial India. Also discussed are the various Indian conceptions of order and justice in international relations.
Table of Contents
General Introduction - DP Chattopadhyaya A Thematic Introduction to Political Ideas in Modern India - Thomas Pantham and VR Mehta PART ONE: ON SOCIAL REFORM AND RADICAL POLITICS UNDER COLONIAL MODERNITY Radicalism in Modern Indian Social and Political Thought - Bidyut Chakrabarty Nationalist Creativity in the Colonial Era Virtue, Vice and the Origins of Militant Nationalist Thought in Western India - Sanjay Palshikar Dalit-Bahujan Discourse in Modern India - Valerian Rodrigues BR Ambedkar and the Troubled Times of Citizenship - Partha Chatterjee PART TWO: HISTORY, LITERATURE AND POLITICAL IMAGINATIONS IN COLONIAL INDIA Subaltern History as Political Thought - Dipesh Chakrabarty The World and Ideas - GP Deshpande The Case of Colonial and Ex-Colonial Maharashtra Social and Political Thought in Gujarat - Sitanshu Yashaschandra Some Pathways from the Past to the Present Nationalist Politics in Hindi Fiction - Harish Trivedi Liberal Zag-Zag vs the Straight and Simple Left PART THREE: RELIGIOUS DIVERSITY AND NATIONALIST IMAGAGINATIONS The Quest for Hinduism - Pratap Bhanu Mehta From Community to Nation - Gurpreet Mahajan The Making of the Majority-Minority Framework Religion, Society and Politics During the Nehruvian Era - Mushirul Hasan Profiling India's Muslim Communities Gandhi and Islam - Fred Dallmayr A Heart-and-Mind Unity? Religious Diversity and National Unity - Thomas Pantham The Gandhian and Hindutva Visions Spirituality and Politics in Coomaraswamy, Radhakrishnan and Rajagopalachari - Vasanthi Srinivasan PART FOUR: LIBERAL-SECULAR DEMOCRACY AND SOCIAL/GENDER JUSTICE Justice of Human Rights in Indian Constitutionalism - Upendra Baxi Preliminary Notes Indian Secularism - Rajeev Bhargava An Alternative, Trans-Cultural Ideal Secular Liberalism and Relativism - Akeel Bilgrami Redefining Equality Social Justice in the Mandal Debate, 1990 Nation, Identity, Citizenship - Nivedita Menon Feminist Critique in Contemporary India PART FIVE: TOWARDS A JUST AND PEACEFUL WORLD Indian Conceptions of Order/ Justice in International Relations - Kanti Bajpai Nehruvian, Gandhian, Hindutva, and Neo-Liberal PART SIX: SOME CONCERNS OF RECENT INDIAN POLITICAL THOUGHT Debates and Engagements - Javeed Alam A Look at Communist Interventions in India Socialist Discourse in India - Rajaram Tolpady Modernity and its Critics - Sarah Joseph A Discussion of Some Contemporary Social and Political Theories Limits of the Indian Political Imagination - Bhikhu Parekh