The concept of deep learning, as opposed to surface learning, is being increasingly recognized by teachers and, here, Anne Watson and her colleagues use it in connection with enabling so-far low attaining students to recover their self-esteem and mathematical capabilities. This essential guide for mathematics teachers will help to change the focus from 'doing and finishing' to 'thinking and learning'.
Stephanie Prestage is at the University of Birmingham, UK. Els De Geest is at the Department of Education Studies, University of Oxford, UK. Anne Watson is Reader in Mathematics Education at the University of Oxford, UK.