Given its biological importance, object recognition is a topic central to the field of comparative psychology and neuroscience. Picture Perception in Animals aims to contribute to this important domain in a unique way, by questioning the realistic nature of pictures to animals and the validity of pictorial representations for inferring the processing of objects or scenes that exist in the real world. Asking questions such as : "Is there an equivalence, from the animal's perspective, between the pictures and the objects they represent?", "What do birds see in moving video images?", "Can monkeys extract gaze information from pictures?", "How do monkeys and apes perceive their pictorial reflection?", the contributors underline the risks, limits and advantages of presenting pictures to animals. This book will be of primary interest to comparative psychologists and developmental psychologists but will also be of value to psychologists, neuroscientists and anthropologists, who study the processing of real objects through the convenient use of pictures.