This volume is concerned with something that can best be described as 'Indian philosophy of religion' i.e., 'philosophy of Indian religions'. Contrary to popular Western belief, classical Indian philosophy was not indistinguishable from Indian religion - as even a cursory glance at the first three volumes of this series will demonstrate. Religious concerns, though, did motivate the work of many Indian philosophers. However, important differences between the major Western religions and the major Indian religions (Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism) mean that the shape of Indian philosophy is often significantly different from that of Western philosophy of religion. The selections in this volume discuss Indian treatments of topics in the philosophy of religion like the problem of evil, God, theological monism and dualism, atheism, the concept of a perfect being, reason and revelation, rebirth and karma, religious language, religion and politics, ritual and mantra, and the religious determinants of metaphysics.