A standard work for all those involved with crop protection, this revised edition provides up-to-date information on the different types of application techniques and how they should be used to ensure efficient and effective pest control. Detailed information is provided on: the role of chemical control in crop protection, discussing targets, formulations and droplets, spray quality and the choice of nozzles; improvements in the design of new equipment; and safety precautions and maintenance issues. Particular attention is given to new information on engineering controls, the application of biological pesticides, the use of different types of hydraulic nozzles, buffer zones and decreasing environmental pollution.
Table of Contents
Preface to Third Edition. Acknowledgements. Conversion Tables. Pesticide Calculations. Units, Abbreviations and Symbols. 1. Chemical Control in integrated Pest Management. 2. Targets for Pesticide Deposition. 3. Formulation of Pesticides. 4. Spray Droplets. 5. Hydraulic Nozzles. 6. Manually--Operated Hydraulic Sprayers. 7. Power--Operated Hydraulic Sprayers. 8. Controlled Droplet Application. 9. Electrostatically Charged Sprays. 10. Air Assisted Sprayers. 11. Space Treatment by Fogging. 12. Seed Treatment, Dust and Granule Application. 13. Aerial Application. 14. Injection, Fumigation and Other Techniques. 15. Maintenance of Equipment. 16. Safety Precautions. 17. Application of Biopesticides. 18. Equipment for Laboratory and Field Trials. 19. Selection of Application Equipment for Chemical and Biological Pesticides. References. Appendix I. International Standards Relating to Pesticide Application. Index.