The incidence of carotid endarterectomy is increasing, despite the controversy surrounding prophylatic surgery. In the United States, there is an increasing emphasis on controlling the cost of care. Throughout the world, and particulary in Europe, promising new endovascular therapies are being developed and implemented. This book represents the current opinions of some of the foremost vascular specialists in Europe and the United States. It examines a remarkably broad and richly relevant range of topics - standardized reporting, ethical and legal aspects of innovative treatment, new imaging procedures, new trends in surgery, updates on prospective studies, and all aspects of percutaneous techniques. Although definitive answers to the major questions in carotid artery disease may not be forthcoming for years, the issues and insights that elicited by this volume are detailed and significant, both in a practical sense and in terms of their potential to guide future research.
Table of Contents
Contributors Preamble William H. Baker Foreword 1. Comparing outcomes of carotid interventions: the importance of standardized reporting practices Robert B. Rutherford 2. Ethical and legal aspects of innovative treatment of carotid artery disease Bas A. de Mol 3. New technologies in ultrasound for evaluating carotid artery disease Toste Liinne, Jan Solvig, Flemming Hansen, Asa Ryden Ahlgren, Bjorn Sonesson 4. MR and spiral CT angiography of the carotid arteries Otto E.H. Elgersma, Bert C. Eikelboom, Lambertus J. Polman, Pieter C. Buijs, Yolanda van der Graaf 5. How to assess the degree of internal carotid artery stenosis Andrew Nicolaides, Surinder Dhanjil, Maura Griffin, Gianni Belcaro 6. Computerized assessment of the carotid plaque structure correlated with the severity of the disease Giorgio M. Biasi, Paolo M. Mingazzini 7. Transcranial duplex scanning in the evaluation of carotid artery stenosis Aryan W.J. Hoksbergen, Dink A. Legemate, Dirk Th Ubbink, Michael J.H.M. Jacobs 8. Assessment of CO2-reactivity and collateral pathways in carotid artery occlusive disease Erich B. Ringelstein 9. Indications for carotid surgery in neurologically unstable patients Hans H. Eckstein, Hardy Schumacher, Peter Ringleb, Jens R. Allenberg 10. Asymptomatic carotid stenosis: the ACST Trial Alison W. Halliday 11. An update on NASCET and ECST Henry J.M. Barnett 12. Brain manifestations associated with atherosclerotic aortic arch disease Hazim J. Safi, Moutaa B. Maamer, Charles Miller, Ali Azizzadeh, Matthew P. Campbell, Dimitrios C. Iliopoulos, Dominique Le Blevec 13. Techniques of carotid artery repair Edouard Kieffer, Fabien Koskas, Albert-Claude Benhamou, Amine Bahnini, Frederic Mercier, Sumio Fukui 14. Carotid endarterectomy without angiography: preoperative assessment and selection of patients Wesley S. Moore 15. Carotid surgery without prior angiography fifteen years of experience Michel David, Francois Becker, Eric Steinmetz, Etienne Tatou, Beatrice Terriat, Bernard Bacha, Roger Brenot 16. Carotid surgery in short-stay William H. Baker, Fred N. Littooy, Ashrarf M. Mansour; Steven S. Kang 17. Surgical treatment of extracranial internal carotid artery aneurysms Eugenio Rosset, Jean-Noel Albertini, Pierre-Edouard Magnan, Bertrand Ede, Jean-Pierre Mathieu, Alain Branchereau 18. Blunt injury to the internal carotid artery Yves Alimi, Pascal Di Mauro, Claude Martin, Jacques Magnan, Bernard Alliez, Pierre Barthelemy, Claude Juhan 19. Carotid surgery for recurrent stenosis Ramon Berguel, Mark Morasch, Mark Friedland 20. Management of bilateral carotid artery disease Jonathan Colledge, Roger M. Greenhalgh 21. Carotid artery angioplasty: restrictions and requirements Jean-Claude Gaux, Bernard Beyssen 22. Carotid angioplasty: a review of the literature Reda Hassen-Khodja, Florent Sala, Paul Pittaluga, Serge Declemy, Michel Batt 23. Techniques of percutaneous carotid angioplasty Tim Buckenham, Mark Tomlinson 24. Carotid artery angioplasty with cerebral protection Jacques Theron, Leopoldo Guimaraens, Francois Leproux, Oguzhan Coskun, Aranxa Matali, Gerard Babatasi, Andre Khayat 25. Angioplasty for nonatherosclerotic carotid artery lesions Jean-Michel Jausseran, Michel Reggi, Michel Ferdani, Francois Houel, Philippe Rudondy, Jean Rezzi 26. Complications of PTA for carotid artery stenosis Dominique Maiza, Olivier Coffin, Eric Jouen, Jean-Michel Monsallier, Amar Makki, Sebastien Cazaban 27. Elective stenting of extracranial carotid arteries Fayaz A. Shawl 28. Angioplasty and stents in the management of carotid disease (including the CAVATAS trial) Peter A. Gaines 29. Percutaneous angioplasty of the internal carotid artery: the CAST 1 study Patrice Bergeron, Vlad Alessandrescu, Liang Er Kang, N'Guyen Con Minh, Anne Amichot 30. Current indications and contraindications of carotid artery PTA Peter Bell