George Russell was a critic, a poet, and a painter. He wrote under the pseudonym of AE. He was a mystical writer who belonged to a group who followed theosophy. Theosophy is a religious movement begun in 1870"s, which holds that all religions are an attempt by man to approach the absolute. Thus each religion has a portion of the truth. In The National Being Russell gives his views on Irish polity. An excerpt from the conclusion reads, "If the tragic condition of the world leaves us unstirred, if we draw no lessons from it, if there is no fiery stirring of will . . .to make it a better place to live, then indeed we may lose hope . . .. Let us remember the most scornful condemnation in Scripture was not given to the evil but to the indifferent: 'Because thou art neither hot nor cold I will spew thee out of my mouth.' [We] should aim at a society where people will be at harmony in their economic life,. . will not turn sour faces on those who do not think a they do, but will, by reason and sympathy, comprehend each other and come at last . . . to a balancing of their diversities, as in that multitudinous diversity, which is the universe, powers and dominions and elements are balanced, and are guided harmoniously by the Shepherd of the Ages. "