The most timely anthology available, MORALITY IN PRACTICE covers a number of critical contemporary issues, including war and terrorism, cloning, and the environment. Providing broad coverage of topics and opinions, Sterba draws from current journalism as well as philosophy to present opposing viewpoints on each issue. Each chapter covers a different area of moral concern with readings that provide alternative views as well as practical applications. Introductions to each section provide background for each issue as well as discussion of the ethical theory behind the readings.
Table of Contents
Preface. General Introduction. I. THE DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME AND WEALTH. Introduction. Alternative Views. John Hospers: The Libertarian Manifesto. James P. Sterba: From Liberty to Welfare. Kai Nielson: Radical Egalitarianism. John Rawls: Justice as Fairness: Justice as Fairness: A Restatement. James P. Sterba: Rawls and a Morally Defensible Conception of Justice. Practical Applications. Supreme Court of the United States: Wyman, Commissioner of New York Department of Social Services v. James. Supreme Court of the United States: Plyler v. Doe. II. NEAR AND DISTANT PEOPLES. Introduction. Alternative Views. Garrett Hardin: Lifeboat Ethics: The Case Against Helping the Poor. Peter Singer: The Solution to World Poverty. Lawrence Blum: Impartiality, Beneficence, and Friendship. James Rachels: Morality, Parents, and Children. Practical Application. Michael Marin: The Food Aid Racket. Mary B. Anderson: Some Moral Dilemmas of Humanitarian Aid. III. ABORTION AND EUTHANASIA. Introduction. Alternative Views. Judith Jarvis Thomson: A Defense of Abortion. Don Marquis: Why Abortion is Immoral. Mary Anne Warren: On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion. Sally Markowitz: A Feminist Defense of Abortion. James Rachels: Euthanasia, Killing, and Letting Die. Bonnie Steinbock: The Intentional Termination of Life. Practical Applications. Supreme Court of the United States: Planned Parenthood v. Casey. Ronald Dworkin, Thomas Nagel, Robert Nozick, John Rawls, Thomas Scanlon and Judith Jarvis Thomson: The Brief of the Amici Curiae. Supreme Court of the United States: Washington et al. v. Glucksberg et al. IV. GENETIC ENGINEERING. Introduction. Michael Tooley: Moral Status of Cloning Humans. Leon Kass: Why We Should Ban the Cloning of Humans. Cass Sunstein:The Constitution and the Clone. Practical Applications. Recommendations of the National Bioethics Advisory Commission. V. SEX EQUALITY. Introduction. Alternative Views. Susan Okin: Justice and Gender. James P. Sterba: Feminist Justice and the Family. Christina Sommers: Philosophers against the Family. Marilyn Friedman: They Lived Happily Ever After: Sommers on Women and Marriage. David Benatar: The Second Sexism. James P. Sterba:The Wolf Again in Sheep's Clothing. Practical Applications. National Organization for Women (NOW): Bill of Rights. The Beijing Declaration and Platform of Action. VI. AFFIRMATIVE ACTION. Introduction. Alternative Views. James P. Sterba: Defending Affirmative Action, Defending Preferences. Terry Pell: Race Preference and Formal Equality Preferences. James P. Sterba: What Really is Pell's Ideal of Formal Equality? Preferences. Terry Pell: What is the Big Deal about Racial Preferences? Practical Application. U.S. Supreme Court: Bollinger v. Grutter and Gratz. VII. SEXUAL HARASSMENT. Introduction. Alternative Views. Barbara A. Gutek: Understanding Sexual Harassment at Work. Ellen Frankel Paul: Exaggerating the Extent of Sexual Harassment. Nancy ("Ann") Davis: Sexual Harassment in the University. James P. Sterba: Understanding, Explaining and Eliminating Sexual Harassment. Practical Application. Supreme Court of the United States: Harris v. Forklift Systems Inc. VIII. PORNOGRAPHY. Introduction. Alternative Views. Catharine MacKinnon: Pornography, Civil Rights and Speech. Wendy Kaminer: Feminists Against the First Amendment. Practical Applications. United States District Court and Court of Appeals: American Booksellers v. Hudnutt. Supreme Court of Canada: Donald Victor Butler v. Her Majesty the Queen. IX. HATE SPEECH. Introduction. Alternative Views. Gerald Gunther: No Speech Code. Alan Dershowitz: Speech Codes and Diversity. Charles Lawrence III: Regulating Racial Speech on Campus. Katharine Bartlett and Jean O'Barb: The Chilly Climate on College Campuses: An Expansion of the 'Hate Speech' Debate. Practical Applications. Superior Court of California: Curry v. Stanford. ACLU: Policy Statement: Free Speech and Bias on College Campuses. X. GAY AND LESBIAN RIGHTS. Introduction. Alternative Views. John Finnis: Homosexual Conduct is Wrong. Martha Nussbaum: Homosexual Conduct is not Wrong. Richard Mohr: Prejudice and Homosexuality. Carl Horowitz: Homosexuality's Legal Revolution. Practical Applications. Supreme Court of Vermont: Baker v. Vermont. XI. ANIMAL LIBERATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS. Introduction. Alternative Views. Peter Singer: All Animals Are Equal. Michael Pollan: The Unnatural Idea of Animal Rights. Paul W. Taylor: The Ethics of Respect for Nature. James P. Sterba: Morality as a Compromise Between Anthropocentricism and Nonanthropocentrism. Karen Warren: The Power and Promise of Ecological Feminism. Practical Applications. Congress of the United States: From the Animal Welfare Act. Congress of the United States: Amendments to the Animal Welfare Act. Supreme Court of the United States: Tennessee Valley Authority v. Hill. XII. PUNISHMENT AND RESPONSIBILITY. Introduction. Alternative Views. Karl Menninger: The Crime of Punishment. Richard B. Brandt: A Utilitarian Theory of Punishment. C. S. Lewis: A Critique of the Humanitarian Theory of Punishment. Edmund L. Pincoffs: Classical Retributivism. Practical Applications. Ernest van den Haag: Deterrence and Uncertainty. Jeffrrey H. Reiman: Civilization, Safety and Deterrence. Supreme Court of the United States: Gregg v. Georgia. XIII. WAR AND TERRORISM. Introduction. Alternative Views. James P. Sterba: Reconciling Pacifists and Just War Theorists. Stephen Nathanson: Can Terrorism be Morally Justified? James P. Sterba: Terrorism and International Justice. Burton Leiser: Why War with Iraq is Morally Justified. James P. Sterba: Why War with Iraq is not Morally Justified. Practical Application. United Nations Security Council Resolution 1441.